Narrated Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them, Allah's
Messenger, peace be upon with him, enjoined the payment of one Sa'a of barley as
Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and be
ordered that it be paid before the people want out to offer the Eid prayer."
(Bukhari). Also narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri,May Allah be pleased with him, In the
life of Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him, We used to give one Sa'a of food (edible
things) as Sadagat-ul-Fitr (to the poor), 'Aqit (dried youghurt or cottage cheese)
Zakat-ul-Fitr is an obligatory upon the head of every household and is due at the end of the month of Ramadan before the Eid prayer. It is due from every family that has more than a day and night's supply of food. For each person one supports and those living in one's household (include servant and others), the head of family must give the measurement of one Sa'a (one Sa'a=3 Kilogram approx.) of grain wheat, rice, barley dates, raisin, corn or whatever is considered basic staple food for the people of region. The recipients are the same as those for Zakat of wealth and property.**
* Source: Dr. Mohamamd Muhsin Khan, Summarized sahih Al-Bukhaari, Arabic-Enflish. dar-us-Salam, Riyadh, K.S.A.
** Source: Saheeh International. FIQH ESSENTIALS, Abul-Qasim Publishing House, Jedah, K.S.A.